The user could also potentially return the item for a refund so it can be used again. Schmidt-Bleek said of the Cradle-to-Cradle seat cushions Braungart developed for the Airbus 380: I can feel very nice on Michael's seat covers in the airplane. The users will benefit from the pleasant and healthy working atmosphere, achieved through the use of contaminant-free materials. The WELL Building Standard® is a registered trademark administered by the International WELL Building Institute™. The Cradle is creating added value for the people, who will use it, for the environment through recycling and upcycling and for the neighbourhood in which the building stands by means of the enhancement it brings. Water, particularly usage and discharge quality. It models human industry on nature’s processes viewing materials as nutrients circulating in healthy, safe metabolisms.  Building off the whole systems approach of John T. Lyle's regenerative design, the model in its broadest sense is not limited to industrial design and manufacturing; it can be applied to many aspects of human civilization such as urban environments, buildings, economics and social systems. The Water Stewardship requirements start from Basic — assuring that there have been no significant discharge violations over the prior two years, that effluent management and local water issues are disclosed and characterized, and a commitment to mitigating any problems that have actually arisen. Manufacturers make their own choices about how far to go with a product, and the optimal way to get there. The Cradle to Cradle Certified program was created to systematize these principles. At present though, few laws are put in place in any country to oblige manufacturers to take back their products for disassembly, nor are there even such obligations for manufacturers of cradle-to-cradle products. The Bark House ® poplar shingle and wall panel from Highland Craftsmen Inc. is the first product to meet … Particularly hazardous materials (e.g. Firstly a building should be designed for recycling and secondly all buildings should be dismantled into elements or reduce to in clean secondary materials. Nedinsco-complex (interior) Project. How is important, because it reveals a long-range, big-picture viewpoint. The ILFI’s Declare program is another player in the transparency arena — one Milliken uses and strongly supports. The C2C model can be applied to almost any system in modern society: urban environments, buildings, manufacturing, social systems. The Summary Report was thoroughly reviewed and ultimately approved — after which the Institute issued the final certification decision and added the products in question to the Cradle to Cradle Certified Product Registry. Building materials, furnishings and consumables are selected from a non-toxic perspective using the material database SundaHus Miljödata (SundaHus i Linköping AB). Other certifications such as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) and Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM) can be used to qualify for certification, and vice versa in the case of BREEAM. Cradle-to-cradle design (also referred to as 2CC2, C2C, cradle 2 cradle, or regenerative design) is a biomimetic approach to the design of products and systems that models human industry on nature's processes, where materials are viewed as nutrients circulating in healthy, safe metabolisms. Currently, many human beings come into contact or consume, directly or indirectly, many harmful materials and chemicals daily. Cradle to Cradle Certified™ is a certification mark licensed by the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute. Building deconstruction unlocks desirable materials for reuse. At least 25% of permanently installed products (by cost) must be Cradle to Cradle Certified v3.0 or v3.1 with a Silver, Gold, or Platinum achievement level in the Material Health category. Several private houses and communal buildings in the Netherlands. To view Cradle to Cradle products that meet LEED requirements, visit www.C2Ccertified.org. But once you’re clear about this fundamental distinction — product vs. building —the fog will start to lift. Properties that are inspired by the Cradle to Cradle principle fulfil the standards of tomorrow today while also functioning as a valuable raw materials stock. Levels begin at Basic, moving up through Bronze, Silver, Gold, and finally Platinum. Cradle-to-grave - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. The cycle pavilion illustrates the principles of "cradle to cradle" in architecture: The building materials used were returned to the biological or technical cycle. Experts in the field of environment protection have questioned the practicability of the concept. For many goods e.g.  The cradle-to-cradle model in some implementations is closely linked with the car-free movement, such as in the case of large-scale building projects or the construction or redevelopment of urban environments. C2C looks at a given product’s supply chain and whether there are any issues lurking there. One step at a time — we can all do our part. While the C2C model has influenced the construction or redevelopment of smaller sites, several large organizations and governments have also implemented the C2C model and its ideas and concepts: The cradle-to-cradle model can be viewed as a framework that considers systems as a whole or holistically.  The current model is based on a system of "lifecycle development" initiated by Michael Braungart and colleagues at the Environmental Protection Encouragement Agency (EPEA) in the 1990s and explored through the publication A Technical Framework for Life-Cycle Assessment. Cradle to Cradle® is a set of design principles which was developed in the 1990s by Prof. Dr. Michael Braungart, William McDonough and EPEA Hamburg. C2C certification requires that all materials at concentrations higher than 100 parts per million be catalogued. Stay inspired and in the know. In March 2011, both Dejo and Staco (steel grating manufacturers) were awarded the Cradle to Cradle certificate for their products.  The academic research of companies lead to the elaboration of the Biosphere Rules, a set of five principles derived from nature that guide the implementation of circular models in production. Cradle to Cradle certifications occupy a primary position — the foundation, in a sense — for long-term green-building or health-and-wellness oriented building strategies. But — if you think about it for a minute, the C2C what/how certification approach we’ve been talking about is actually a pretty accurate definition of the word holistic. They become background noise. 5 steps are outlined in Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things:, Products that adhere to all steps may be eligible to receive C2C certification. Cradle to Cradle products can contribute to LEED v4 New Construction Materials and Resources credits, including building lifecycle impact reduction, building product disclosure, and construction and demolition waste management credits. From there, the standard moves up through all five levels to finally arrive at Platinum, which requires that all water leaving the facility where the product in question was manufactured meet drinking-water quality standards — a very high bar. Copyright © 2005 - 2015 Milliken & Company. in Biology from Christopher Newport University and an M.S. Carbon credits also play a part in the certification level. It means the light switches you’re getting were produced at a facility with a solid record of employee satisfaction, good standing in its community — a company that doesn’t discriminate, perhaps a company that built a baseball field for the local little league. Cradle To Cradle® Shaw Contract has been actively engaged in Cradle to Cradle design for more than 20 years, introducing the first Cradle to Cradle Certified™ flooring product in 1999. Along with so many of the others mentioned above. C2C certification is divided into a five-category structure, and also has five levels of certification. Children's Healthcare for family and kid health in the Oregon City area. The comfortemp® air HO 80x fiberball paddings are made from polyamide 6 and are 100% recyclable. heavy metals, pigments, halogen compounds etc.) in transport, the use phase has the most influence on the environmental footprint. Michael Eckert. The C2C concept foresees its own certification of its analysis and therefore is in contradiction to international publishing standards (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044) for life-cycle assessment whereas an independent external review is needed in order to obtain comparative and resilient results. , Some claim that C2C certification may not be entirely sufficient in all eco-design approaches. The method uses the term 'risk' in the sense of hazard (as opposed to consequence and likelihood). At first glance, one might assume this category is geared toward saving water. C2C suggests that industry must protect and enrich ecosystems and nature's biological metabolism while also maintaining a safe, productive technical metabolism for the high-quality use and circulation of organic and technical nutrients. The roof is part of an $18 million rainwater treatment system designed to clean 20 billion US gallons (76,000,000 m3) of rainwater annually. Posted on Mar 27, 2019, by Product designers, manufacturers and brands around the world rely on the Cradle to Cradle Certified Product Standard as a transformative pathway for designing and making products with a positive impact on people and planet. The final category deals with how a business interacts with the community within which it resides. All Rights Reserved. And finally, there are incentives for community involvement — for Platinum level certification an “innovative social project” is mandatory. In 2002, Braungart and William McDonough published a book called Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things, a manifesto for cradle-to-cradle design that gives specific details of how to achieve the model. We'll send you our best flooring & interior design content, once a week. , The C2C model shows high potential for reducing the financial cost of industrial systems. The two types of materials each follow their own cycle in the regenerative economy envisioned by Keunen and Huizing. C2C seeks to remove dangerous technical nutrients (synthetic materials such as mutagenic materials, heavy metals and other dangerous chemicals) from current life cycles. Recycling is probably the first thing people think about when they see this category, but actually it’s just one part of the Cradle to Cradle Certified formula. For wood, the forest source is required. Obviously, disassembling products is not feasible at currently designed civic amenity sites, and a better method would be to send back the broken products to the manufacturer, so that the manufacturer can disassemble the product. You want to know what’s in the products you’re buying or standing on. It refers to using goods and materials that are durable over time, that are not thrown away when they are no long in use, but are rather returned “to the cradle,” meaning that they can be entirely … Products that are Gold and Platinum-level in Material Health are valued at 150% of cost. First, a big announcement: All Milliken modular carpet in the Americas, Asia and Australia/New Zealand is now Cradle to Cradle CertifiedTM Silver. First, a big announcement: All Milliken modular carpet in the Americas, Asia and Australia/New Zealand is now Cradle to Cradle CertifiedTM Silver. Sustainability, … Nondurable consumer goods are biodegradable and return to the natural nutrient cycle. Many critics pleaded for a public-private partnership overseeing the C2C concept, thus enabling competition and growth of practical applications and services. It stands for innovation, quality and beneficial design. This is a straightforward category intended to encourage the use of clean, renewable energy. The building is certified to the standards of the recognized German Sustainable Building Council (DGNB), based on the criteria of the Active House vision and inspired by the Cradle to Cradle® framework. This week, the program awarded its first-ever Platinum-level certification and named the first homogenous flooring product to earn Gold-level certification. The materials that can be reused and retain their quality can be used within the technical nutrient cycles while other materials are far more difficult to deal with, such as plastics in the Pacific Ocean. In doing so, the implementation of the Cradle to Cradle® design concept does not compete with building certifications according to DGNB, LEED, BREEAM or HQE. Milliken® is a trademark of Milliken & Company. The same is true with Cradle to Cradle Certified – each level requires a product to meet benchmarks that attest to responsible manufacturing practices. , As of January 2008, Material ConneXion's Materials Libraries in New York, Milan, Cologne, Bangkok and Daegu, Korea started to feature C2C assessed and certified materials and, in collaboration with MBDC and EPEA, the company now offers C2C Certification, and C2C product development.. Independence, openness, and transparency are the Institute's first objectives for the certification protocols. Material health, which involves identifying the chemical composition of the materials that make up the product. It goes beyond looking only at the effects a finished product may have on the people who use it, or live next to it (which, let’s be perfectly clear, is a very worthwhile thing to be looking at). Health & Wellness. The Cradle to Cradle Certified™ Products Standard evaluates a product and company on five categories – material health, material reutilization, renewable energy and carbon management, water stewardship and social fairness. Swiss architect, Walter R. Stahel, coined the term ‘Cradle to cradle’ in the 1970s to refer to a new approach to sustainability. When you think about Cradle to Cradle CertifiedTM in comparison to programs like LEED®, or The WELL Building Standard®, here’s the key: Both of the latter two are building standards. C2C Certified products are a sensible starting point if you’re working toward LEED or WELL certified spaces. With Cradle to Cradle certification (often referred to as C2C or C2C Certified) you’ll notice similarities to other standards you might be familiar with, but also some obvious differences. The municipality of Venlo builds a new city hall as state-of-the-art example of Cradle to Cradle design. Cradle to Cradle Design™ is a registered trademark of MBDC. It’s the extra (the what and the how) which we hope will help make the world just a little bit better. Cradle to Cradle® describes the safe and potentially infinite circulation of materials … He holds a B.S. The findings can also be transferred to permanent building structures. An Assessment Summary Report was submitted to the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute (the independent third-party who administer the standard). McDonough said the new institute "will enable our protocol to become a public certification program and global standard". But C2C is also concerned with the people who are doing the making, and what’s happening before the product is finished. . That’s what an effective standard should do: create incentives to make healthier products. But we’re also able to put a little something extra into them. have to be reported whatever the concentration, and other materials reported where they exceed 100 ppm. Call for an appointment today! If the materials we come into contact with and are exposed to on a daily basis are not toxic and do not have long term health effects, then the health of the overall system can be better maintained. The power for positive change is in our hands. “Cradle to Cradle design (also referred to as Cradle to Cradle, C2C, cradle 2 cradle, or regenerative design) is a biomimetic approach to the design of products and systems. Cradle to Cradle. The zinc producer received the certificate for its roof and … Cradle to cradle as a concept considers waste like cementitious waste from C&D activities as a resource (equals food) for regenerating new building materials rather than throwing it away or using it in low-grade applications. It is closely linked with passive solar design in the building industry and with permaculture in agriculture within or near urban environments. It is safe to say that every production step or resource-transformation step needs a certain amount of energy. These disassembled product can then be used for making new products or at least to have the components sent separately to recycling sites (for proper recycling, by the exact type of material). The new board, under the auspices of the Institute, will oversee the certification moving forward.. The C2C in this paper can be achieved through recycling C&D waste which has been a challenge to its disposal. McDonough and Braungart responded to this criticism by giving control of the certification protocol to a non-profit, independent Institute called the Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute. The shoe is mass-produced at a manufacturing plant that utilizes its waste material by putting it back into the cycle, potentially by using off-cuts from the rubber soles to make more soles instead of merely disposing of them; this is dependent on the technical materials not losing their quality as they are reused. Assessment of energy required for production, which for the highest level of certification needs to be based on at least 50% renewable energy for all parts and subassemblies. We have chosen to make a strong commitment to Cradle to Cradle certification because of its well-known status as a recognized and trusted standard across the globe. Return to the main Milliken Flooring Website ». The Cradle to Cradle Building Charter encourages architects and designers to create positive impacts and beneficial footprints from the very beginning of their project. It models human industry on nature’s processes … For example, in the redesign of the Ford River Rouge Complex, the planting of Sedum (stonecrop) vegetation on assembly plant roofs retains and cleanses rain water. Cradle to Cradle is therefore an essential part of our 360° sustainability approach. The choice of materials in terms of Cradle to Cradle® exceeds statutory standards by far and ensures a productivity enhancing and inspiring indoor climate. If you’re familiar with LEED, you know that a certified building is more than its final score and has met a number of criteria to earn its designation. One potential example is a shoe that is designed and mass-produced using the C2C model. By proceeding, you’ll be moving along a path of continuous optimization.  The phrase "cradle to cradle" itself was coined by Walter R. Stahel in the 1970s. See for instance the LCA-based model of the eco-costs, which has been designed to cope with analyses of recycle systems.  It is a holistic, economic, industrial and social framework that seeks to create systems that are not only efficient but also essentially waste free. The certification is available at several levels: basic, silver, gold, platinum, with more stringent requirements at each. The other categories vary with regard to what’s allowed — in some cases a component chemical will be acceptable, in others optimization will require them to be phased out. Higher is better, with Platinum requiring a score of 100, while Silver is granted at 50, Gold at 65. But in truth, C2C’s intentions have more to do with what’s going out than with what’s coming in. Cradle to Cradle is a product standard. The approach here is twofold. , In 2007, MBDC and the EPEA formed a strategic partnership with global materials consultancy Material ConneXion to help promote and disseminate C2C design principles by providing greater global access to C2C material information, certification and product development. It was developed by William McDonough, FAIA, an architect, and Michael Braungart Firstly, research into the demolition/dismantling-process in order to find the bottlenecks in closing of the material cycle (at either element or material level). This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 00:03. For example, a fabric factory can eliminate all harmful technical nutrients by carefully reconsidering what chemicals they use in their dyes to achieve the colours they need and attempt to do so with fewer base chemicals. When they outgrow the shoe or it is damaged, they return it to the manufacturer. Cradle-to-grave is: ‘A boundary condition associated with embodied carbon, carbon footprint and LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) studies. An earthship is a perfect example where different re-use models are used, including cradle-to-cradle design and permaculture. It turns out some of the most difficult hurdles for manufacturers working through the Cradle to Cradle certification process fall under the first of the five categories. Copyright © 2005 - 2015 Milliken & Company. Representatives from the construction and design sector, the economy and the political sector are encouraged to elaborate on topics such as innovation & building, … Closed loop systems, Circular Economy, Cradle to Cradle design, Environmental Sustainability, and Community Development are all initiatives that thrive when applied to reclaiming building materials. They are: This category ties in nicely with the rising interest in material transparency. Earlier, Rheinzink was awarded this honour. Another example of C2C design is a disposable cup, bottle, or wrapper made entirely out of biological materials. Social responsibility, which assesses fair labor practices. Higher levels require verifiable percentages of renewable sourcing or offsets, along with offsets for emissions — Silver, for example, sets the levels at 5% for sourcing and emissions, while for gold the percentage jumps to 50.  Following C2C design principles, product manufacture can be designed to cost less for the producer and consumer. The risk for each material is assessed against criteria and eventually ranked on a scale with green being materials of low risk, yellow being those with moderate risk but are acceptable to continue to use, red for materials that have high risk and need to be phased out, and grey for materials with incomplete data. Let’s say you’ve determined that a product is appropriate for Cradle to Cradle certification. This saved Ford $30 million that would otherwise have been spent on mechanical treatment facilities. The building was nearly CO2 neutral due to the use of renewable energy sources. A project that is less known, is the nearby located Nedinsco-complex in which 2,000 m2 is furnished as office space for the municipal organization. Steel gratings and titanium zinc. , "Cradle to Cradle" redirects here. That’s one of the strengths of C2C Certification — the process itself works as a catalyst for product improvement. Hulta preschool has a sustainability profile inspired by Cradle to Cradle® and the building is certified according to Sweden Green Building Council. Based on the Social Fairness category, what does that mean? Administered by the International WELL building Institute™ the concept can be really difficult to keep all these straight. 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